- Breast abscess
- Fat necrosis
- Trauma to the breast tissue causing inflammation and resulting in scar formation. This leads to the retraction of the overlying skin, in other words dimpling.
- Intra lobular duct obstruction
- Is there associated pain.
- Is there a lump (or lumps) in the breast tissue.
- Are there any nodules/ nodular growths within the breast tissue.
- Is there any Lump or nodule or growth in the axillae or neck.
- Is there any nipple retraction and / or discharge from the nipple
- Is there skin color changes for instance, orange / reddish inflammatory tinge in addition to the retraction,
If the answer to the above symptoms is yes then there is a high probability of malignancy, especially if all or any of these complaints are longstanding. In such cases mammography , ultrasound of both breasts and biopsy/histopathology is necessary for final diagnosis and further management. For prevention of breast cancer, the following article can be of help. How to protect yourself against the menace of breast cancer